Question of the Day

Name one consequence of the Clayton Act of 1914 that affected most employers.

a. Workers retained the right to organize.

b. The Sherman Act was applied to unions.

c. Employers could not always use injunctions to break strikes.

d. Federal contractors must pay the going rate for workers.


The Act supplemented and strengthened the Sherman Act of 1890, an existing antitrust bill that had failed to effectively regulate the massive corporations. The newly created Federal Trade Commission enforced the Clayton Antitrust Act and prevented unfair methods of competition. Aside from banning the practices of price discrimination and anti-competitive mergers, the new law also declared strikes, boycotts, and labor unions legal under federal law. The bill passed the House with an overwhelming majority on June 5, 1914. President Woodrow Wilson signed it into law on October 15, 1914.