When does a lockout occur?
A. When the union shuts down the workplace
B. When the employer refuses to allow the union to unionize the premises
C. When employees refuse to work
D. When the employer shuts down the workplace entrances, keeping employees from working
Answer: D – A lockout occurs when an employer shuts down the workplace entrances, keeping employees from working.
Explanation: A lockout refers to a work stoppage during which an employer will physically prevent employees from working. Although employers may sometimes impose a lockdown in protest against slowdowns, typically they are due to issues with unions and negotiations.